Andi Rahayu. ENDOSKOPI LARING, ESOFAGUS, DAN LAMBUNG PROKSIMAL PADA KUCING LOKAL (Felis catus). B04080114. Skripsi. 2013. Pembimbing: Gunanti, Deni Noviana

ENDOSKOPI LARING, ESOFAGUS, DAN LAMBUNG PROKSIMAL PADA KUCING LOKAL (Felis catus)

(Endoscopy of Larynx, Esophagus, and Proximal Stomach in Indonesian Domestic House Cat (Felis catus))

ANDI RAHAYU, GUNANTI, DENI NOVIANA

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ABSTRAK

Endoskopi merupakan teknik diagnosa penyakit yang sensitif terhadap kelainan permukaan mukosa berbagai organ tubuh. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pencitraan normal laring, esofagus, dan lambung proksimal kucing lokal indonesia beserta karakteristiknya melalui pemeriksaan endoskopi. Aklimatisasi dan pemeriksaan fisik dilakukan sebelum kucing diperiksa dengan menggunakan endoskop fleksibel. Laring memiliki mukosa yang berwarna pucat, halus, mengkilap, memiliki struktur anatomi yang khas dan bergerak secara simetris bilateral. Esofagus cervical dicirikan dengan adanya kesan trakhea dan sedikit vaskularisasi pembuluh darah pada dinding mukosa sedangkan esofagus thoracalis dicirikan dengan munculnya kesan aorta, herringbone, dan banyaknya vaskularisasi pembuluh darah pada dinding mukosa. Esofagus abdominalis dicirikan dengan terlihatnya spinchter esofagus bawah yang berbentuk elips. Mukosa lambung berwarna merah muda, halus, mengkilap, dan berlipat secara transversal dan longitudinal. Dari pemeriksaan yang dilakukan, laring, esofagus dan lambung teramati dengan memasukkan scope sejauh 8 ± 0.7 cm, 9 ± 0.7 cm, dan 27.2 ± 1.4 cm. Karakteristik permukaan mukosa laring, esofagus, dan lambung proksimal teramati dengan baik menggunakan teknik endoskopi, masing-masing organ tersebut memiliki kekhasan warna dan struktur anatomi.

Kata kunci: endoskopi, laring, esofagus, lambung, kucing lokal

ABSTRACT

Endoscopy is a sensitive diagnostic technique to detect mucosal disorders in various organs of the body. The aim of this study was to determine the normal appearance of the larynx, esophagus, and proximal stomach of an Indonesian Domestic House Cat and its characteristic by using endoscopic examination. Acclimatization and physical examination was performed before endoscopic examination. The larynx had a pale, smooth, and glistening mucosa with a unique anatomical structure. It moved symmetric billaterally. The cervical esophagus was characterized by the appearance of tracheal impression and few of blood vessels on mucosa wall whereas the thoracal esophagus is characterized by impression of the aorta, herringbone structure, and many of blood vessels on mucosa wall. The abdominal esophagus could be found the beneath esophageal spinchter. The gastric mucosa was pink, smooth, glistening, and had many of longitudinal and tranversal folds. Result showed that the larynx, esophagus, and stomach were observed at the scope depth of 8 ± 0.7 cm, 9 ± 0.7 cm, and 27.2 ± 1.4 cm respectively. Mucosal surface characteristics of the larynx, esophagus, and proximal stomach can be observed by using endoscopy. Each organ is different from colour and anatomical structure.

Keywords: Endoscopy, Larynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Felis catus

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